For the BBC television show, see Animal Hospital. A veterinary technician in Ethiopia shows the owner of an ailing donkey how to sanitize veterinary medicine books pdf site of infection.
Veterinary medicine is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease, disorder and injury in non-human animals. The scope of veterinary medicine is wide, covering all animal species, both domesticated and wild, with a wide range of conditions which can affect different species.
Veterinary medicine is widely practiced, both with and without professional supervision. This can be augmented by other paraprofessionals with specific specialisms such as animal physiotherapy or dentistry, and species relevant roles such as farriers. They also help to maintain food supply through livestock health monitoring and treatment, and mental health by keeping pets healthy and long living. Veterinary scientists often collaborate with epidemiologists, and other health or natural scientists depending on type of work.
Ethically, veterinarians are usually obliged to look after animal welfare. Vedic literature in ancient India offer one of the first written records of veterinary medicine. Where there were no healing herbs for people and animals, he ordered that they be bought and planted.
The first attempts to organize and regulate the practice of treating animals tended to focus on horses because of their economic significance. In the Middle Ages from around 475 CE, farriers combined their work in horseshoeing with the more general task of “horse doctoring”. In 1356, the Lord Mayor of London, concerned at the poor standard of care given to horses in the city, requested that all farriers operating within a seven-mile radius of the City of London form a “fellowship” to regulate and improve their practices.