South china sea dispute solutions pdf

This article has an unclear citation style. The references used may be made clearer with a different or consistent south china sea dispute solutions pdf of citation, footnoting, or external linking. The Republic of the Philippines v. South China Sea including the legality of China’s “nine-dotted line” claim.


On 19 February 2013, China declared that it would not participate in the arbitration. On 7 December 2014, a white paper was published by China to elaborate its position. On 29 October 2015, the arbitral tribunal ruled that it has jurisdiction over the case, taking up seven of the 15 submissions made by the Philippines.

On 12 July 2016, the tribunal ruled in favor of the Philippines. It clarified that it would not “rule on any question of sovereignty over land territory and would not delimit any maritime boundary between the Parties”. The tribunal also ruled that China has “no historical rights” based on the “nine-dash line” map.

China has rejected the ruling, as has Taiwan. The neutrality of this section is disputed.

Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. 8 September 1951, it did not indicate successor states since China was not invited to the treaty talks held in San Francisco.

In reaction to that, on 15 August, the Chinese government issued the Declaration on the Draft Peace Treaty with Japan by the US and the UK and on the San Francisco Conference by the then Foreign Minister Zhou Enlai, reitirating China’s sovereignty over the archipelagos in the South China Sea, including the Spratly Islands, and protesting about the absence of any provisions in the draft on who shall take over the South China Sea islands following Japan’s renouncement of all rights, title and claim to them. It reiterated that “the Chinese government of the day had taken over those islands” and that the PRC’s rightful sovereignty “shall remain intact”.

On 28 April 1952, the United States presided over the signing of the Treaty of Peace between Japan and the Republic of China. Spratly Islands and the Paracel Islands.