This article gives an overview of the ethnic groups in Kerala, a state in India. The speakers of Malayalam language form the great majority of people Kerala. They are socio economic caste census 2015 pdf heterogeneous group and have distinctive cultural and religious traditions.
Various ethnic groups with origins in other parts of India as well as other parts of the world. They have unique customs and may speak languages other than Malayalam, adding to the rich cultural diversity of the state. Racial and ethnic history of Kerala is highly controversial and disputed among the cultural anthropologists, historians and other scholars.
The national Census of India does not recognise racial or ethnic groups within India. According to a 2009 study published by David Reich et al. Negrito element: the earliest racial strain in the population of Kerala as of South India in general.
These people still live in forests of Kerala state. Most of these tribes’ have curly hair, black skin, round head and broad nose. Hill tribes such as Kadar, Kanikkar, Malapandarams, Mutuvans, Ullatans, Uralis, Paniyas etc. Proto-Australoids: the Negritos were probably replaced by Proto-Australoids.
These people have flat nose and dark skin. Malayalis are the native people of Kerala who speak Malayalam, the official language of the state. The Malayalam language is a Dravidian language closely related Tamil and Sanskrit which crystallised into a distinctive tongue only at the beginning of the medieval era. Similar to other major languages, modern Malayalam includes words loaned from Portuguese, Arabic, Syriac, and in more recent times English.
While the majority of Malayalis live in Kerala, significant populations also exist in other parts of India, the Middle East, Europe and North America. According to the Indian census of 1991, there were 28,096,376 speakers of Malayalam in Kerala, making up 96.
The Muslim community, or Mappilas, trace their origins far back to early contacts with Arab traders before the start of the Christian era, and mostly follow the Shafi`i school of Sunni Islam. Many speak the distinctive Mappila dialect of Malayalam.