Silk road economic belt pdf

For Chinese initiative of Modern Maritime Silk Road, see 21st Century Maritime Silk Route Economic Belt. Maritime Silk Road or Maritime Silk Route refer to the maritime section of historic Silk Road that connects China to Southeast Asia, Indonesian archipelago, Indian subcontinent, Arabian peninsula, all the way silk road economic belt pdf Egypt and finally Europe, that flourished between 2nd-century BCE and 15th-century CE.


South China Sea, Strait of Malacca, Indian Ocean, Gulf of Bengal, Arabian Sea, Persian Gulf and the Red Sea. The maritime route overlaps with historic Southeast Asian maritime trade, Spice trade, Indian Ocean trade and after 8th century—the Arabian naval trade network. The network also extend eastward to East China Sea and Yellow Sea to connect China with Korean Peninsula and Japanese archipelago.

On May 2017, experts from various fields have held a meeting in London to discuss the proposal to nominate “Maritime Silk Route” as a new UNESCO World Heritage Site. UNESCO Expert Meeting for the World Heritage Nomination Process of the Maritime Silk Routes”.

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Xi Jinping’s presidency since he became party chief in late 2012. The proposed revival of a great trade route that two thousand years ago bridged Eastern and Western cultures across the Eurasian continent might well help realize that objective.

President Xi during his tour of the Central Asian republics in October 2013, will mainly take shape along railway lines connecting several cities in western China to Europe via Central Asia, Iran, Turkey, the Balkans, and the Caucasus across the 11,000-kilometer-long Eurasian continent. Central Asian economies and their future integration with both European and Asian markets. The new Silk Road will also branch out across Southeast Asia and have a maritime component extending across the Indian Ocean to the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean.

China already has close connections with the countries along this route thanks to existing trade and economic cooperation, but it hopes to strengthen transportation infrastructure and create new regional hubs and clusters of massive industrial parks. The infrastructure network envisioned by China will eventually link that country with three continents, with railroads, pipelines, and roadways reviving trade over land as well as along shipping routes.