In grammar, clause structure refers to the classification of sentences based on the number and sentence structure examples pdf of clauses in their syntactic structure. Such division is an element of traditional grammar.
A simple sentence consists of only one clause. A compound sentence consists of two or more independent clauses.
A complex sentence has at least one independent clause plus at least one dependent clause. A set of words with no independent clause may be an incomplete sentence, also called a sentence fragment. A sentence consisting of at least one dependent clauses and at least two independent clauses may be called a complex-compound sentence or compound-complex sentence.
Sentence 1 is an example of a simple sentence. Sentence 2 is compound because “so” is considered a coordinating conjunction in English, and sentence 3 is complex.
Example 5 is a sentence fragment. I don’t know how to bake, so I buy my bread. I enjoyed the apple pie that you bought for me. The dog lived in the garden, but the cat, who was smarter, lived inside the house.
The simple sentence in example 1 contains one clause. Example 5 features a noun phrase but no verb.
It is not a grammatically complete clause. A simple sentence structure contains one independent clause and no dependent clauses. This simple sentence has one independent clause which contains one subject, I, and one predicate, run. The girl ran into her bedroom.