It is any healthcare worker involved in primary care optometry pdf download care, from one with a small amount of post-secondary training to practitioners with a doctoral level of education. An ophthalmologist can perform all the tests an optometrist can and in addition is a fully qualified medical doctor and surgeon. Ophthalmologists undergo extensive and intensive medical and surgical exams to qualify and entrance criteria to a training program is highly competitive.
Optometrists undergo extensive and intensive refractive and medical training mainly pertaining to the eye and the entrance criteria to attend optometry school is also highly competitive. An OD is fully qualified to treat eye diseases and disorders and specializes in optics and vision correction. Permissions granted by an optometric license vary by location. All optometry colleges in the U.
In the United States, optometrists are defined as physicians under Medicare, but laws pertaining to optometry vary by state. Oklahoma, Kentucky, and Louisiana allow optometrists to perform certain laser surgeries. Outside of the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia and Philippines, optometrists are often limited in their use of pharmaceuticals.
In most of these countries, optometry is either a 4-year or 5-year college degree and they are not classified as doctors. Orthoptists specialize in diagnosis and management of eye movement and coordination problems, misalignment of the visual axis, convergence and accommodation problems, and conditions such as amblyopia, strabismus, and binocular vision disorders, as outlined by the International Orthoptic Association. They may assist ophthalmologists in surgery, teach orthoptic students, students of other allied health professions, medical students, and ophthalmology residents and fellows, act as vision researchers, perform vision screening, perform low vision assessments and act as clinical administrators. Ocularists specialize in the fabrication and fitting of ocular prostheses for people who have lost eyes due to trauma or illness.
Opticians specialize in the fitting and fabrication of ophthalmic lenses, spectacles, contact lenses, low vision aids and ocular prosthetics. They may also be referred to as an “optical dispenser”, “dispensing optician”, “ophthalmic dispenser”.
The prescription for the corrective lenses must be supplied by an ophthalmologist, optometrist or in some countries an orthoptist. This is a regulated profession in most jurisdictions. A collective term for allied health personnel in ophthalmology.
In many countries these allied personnel may just be known as an “ophthalmic assistant”. Their training is usually combined with a two or three year applied science degree and they assist an ophthalmologist or optometrist in the hospital or clinic with vision testing.