Elkonin boxes build phonological awareness skills by segmenting words into individual sounds, or phonemes. To use Elkonin boxes, a child listens to a word and moves phonological awareness assessment pdf token into a box for each sound or phoneme.
In some cases different colored tokens may be used for consonants and vowels or just for each phoneme in the word. They help students build phonological awareness by segmenting words into sounds or syllables. They help students better understand the alphabetic principle in decoding and spelling. Pronounce a target word slowly, stretching it out by sound.
Ask the child to repeat the word. Draw “boxes” or squares on a piece of paper, chalkboard, or dry erase board with one box for each syllable or phoneme.
Have the child count the number of phonemes in the word, not necessarily the number of letters. For example, wish has three phonemes and will use three boxes. In this game, students listen to all of the speech sounds in words in order to build phonemic awareness and spelling skills. This video is published with permission from the Balanced Literacy Diet.
See many more related how-to videos with lesson plans in the Phonemic Awareness section. This website offers teachers several Elkonin box templates for various target words. Teachers may wish to use the blank templates found on this website to accompany a segmenting task and provide students the opportunity to practice writing.
Students can write each sound represented in the target word and then write a short sentence using the word. The books suggested represent a range of difficulty but all should appeal to children from preschool through grade 2 or 3.
The palindrome books are suggested for slightly older children. Familiar subjects are presented in short poems by a range of writers. These easier-to read works are just right to encourage careful listening. Words of one syllable combine with energetic, slightly offbeat and very funny illustrations just right to engage while allowing sounds to be heard.