Not to be confused with Mental status examination or Mini-international neuropsychiatric interview. Folstein test is a 30-mmse hindi version pdf questionnaire that is used extensively in clinical and research settings to measure cognitive impairment. It is commonly used in medicine and allied health to screen for dementia.
The MMSE’s purpose has been not, on its own, to provide a diagnosis for any particular nosological entity. It was originally introduced by Folstein et al. 1975, in order to differentiate organic from functional psychiatric patients but is very similar to, or even directly incorporates, tests which were in use previous to its publication.
This test is not a mental status examination. The standard MMSE form which is currently published by Psychological Assessment Resources is based on its original 1975 conceptualization, with minor subsequent modifications by the authors.
Advantages to the MMSE include requiring no specialized equipment or training for administration, and has both validity and reliability for the diagnosis and longitudinal assessment of Alzheimer’s disease. Due to its short administration period and ease of use, it is useful for cognitive assessment in the clinician’s office space or at the bedside. The most frequently noted disadvantage of the MMSE relates to its lack of sensitivity to mild cognitive impairment and its failure to adequately discriminate patients with mild Alzheimer’s disease from normal patients. The MMSE has also received criticism regarding its insensitivity to progressive changes occurring with severe Alzheimer’s disease.
Hence, its utility in detecting impairment caused by focal lesions, is uncertain. The MMSE test includes simple questions and problems in a number of areas: the time and place of the test, repeating lists of words, arithmetic such as the serial sevens, language use and comprehension, and basic motor skills. A version of the MMSE questionnaire can be found on the British Columbia Ministry of Health website.