Logical reasoning examples pdf

Informally, two kinds of logical reasoning can be distinguished in addition to formal deduction: induction and abduction. Deductive reasoning determines whether the truth of a conclusion can be determined for that rule, based solely on the truth of the premises. Example: “When it logical reasoning examples pdf, things outside get wet.

The grass is outside, therefore: when it rains, the grass gets wet. Mathematical logic and philosophical logic are commonly associated with this type of reasoning. Inductive reasoning attempts to support a determination of the rule.

It hypothesizes a rule after numerous examples are taken to be a conclusion that follows from a precondition in terms of such a rule. Example: “The grass got wet numerous times when it rained, therefore: the grass always gets wet when it rains.