Imam Malik is the earliest written collection of hadith comprising the subjects of Islamic law, compiled and edited by the Imam, Malik ibn Anas. Malik’s best-known work, Al-Muwatta was the first legal work to incorporate and join hadith and imam malik books pdf together.
It is considered to be from the earliest extant collections of hadith that form the basis of Islamic jurisprudence alongside the Qur’an. The book covers rituals, rites, customs, traditions, norms and laws of the time of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. It is reported that Imam Malik selected for inclusion into the Muwatta just over 1900 narrations, from the 100,000 narrations he had available to him. Manṣūr, requested Imām Mālik to produce a standard book that could be promulgated as law in the country.
Abd Allāh, take up the reign of the discipline of fiqh in your hands. The best issues are those which are balanced. It should be a compendium of the agreed upon views of the Companions and the elder imāms on the religious and legal issues. Once you have compiled such a work then we would be able to unite the Muslims in following the single fiqh worked by you.
We would then promulgate it in the entire Muslim state. We would order that no body acts contrary to it. Abbāsī caliph Hārūn al-Rashīd too expressed similar wishes before Imām Mālik who remained unmoved. He, however, compiled Muwaṭṭa’, keeping before himself the target of removing the juristic differences between the scholars.
Malik composed the ‘Muwatta’ over a period of forty years to represent the “well-trodden path” of the people of Medina. Its name also means that it is the book that is “many times agreed upon”- about whose contents the people of Medina were unanimously agreed. Its high standing is such that people of every school of fiqh and all of the imams of hadith scholarship agree upon its authenticity.