Not to be confused with computer science. It is an area of science which spans many disciplines, but at its core it involves the development of models and simulations to understand natural systems. In practical use, it is typically the engineering and scientific computing with scilab pdf of computer simulation and other forms of computation from numerical analysis and theoretical computer science to solve problems in various scientific disciplines.
The field is different from theory and laboratory experiment which are the traditional forms of science and engineering. The scientific computing approach is to gain understanding, mainly through the analysis of mathematical models implemented on computers. Scientists and engineers develop computer programs, application software, that model systems being studied and run these programs with various sets of input parameters. The term computational scientist is used to describe someone skilled in scientific computing.
This person is usually a scientist, an engineer or an applied mathematician who applies high-performance computing in different ways to advance the state-of-the-art in their respective applied disciplines in physics, chemistry or engineering. E can be applied in order to answer questions about S. In fact, substantial effort in computational sciences has been devoted to the development of algorithms, the efficient implementation in programming languages, and validation of computational results. Philosophers of science addressed the question to what degree computational science qualifies as science, among them Humphreys and Gelfert They address the general question of epistemology: how do we gain insight from such computational science approaches.