For a broader coverage related to this cmyk swatch book pdf, see Black. Shades of black are colors that differ only slightly from pure black. These colors have a low lightness.
From photometric point of view, a color which differs slightly from black always has low relative luminance. Variations of black include what are commonly termed off-black colors, which may be considered part of a neutral color scheme, usually in interior design as a part of a background for brighter colors. Black and dark gray colors are powerful accent colors that suggest weight, dignity, formality, and solemnity. In color theory, a shade is a pure color mixed with black.
It decreases its lightness while nearly conserving its chromaticity. Strictly speaking, a “shade of black” is always a pure black itself and a “tint of black” would be a neutral gray.
Black is a color, the perception of which is evoked by the total absence of light that stimulates any of the three types of color sensitive cone cells in the human eye and with very low brightness compared to the surroundings. A black visual stimulation will be void of hue and grayness. Black is the darkest possible color. To the human eye, it seems black.
Midnight blue is a dark shade of blue named for its resemblance to the identifiably blue color of a moonlit night sky on or near the night of a full moon. This is the X11 web color midnight blue. This color was originally called midnight.
The first recorded use of midnight as a color name in English was in 1915. The web color dim gray is a dark tone of gray.
The color name dim gray first came into use in 1987, when this color was formulated as one of the colors on the X11 color list, introduced that year. After the invention of the World Wide Web in 1991, these colors became known as the “X11 web colors”. The color ebony is a representation of the color of the wood ebony, a tropical hardwood widely used to make fine furniture, notably for French kings.
The first use of ebony as a color name in English was in 1590. The color displayed at right matches the color sample called taupe referenced below in the 1930 book A Dictionary of Color, the world standard for color terms before the invention of computers. However, the word taupe is currently often used to refer to lighter shades of taupe, and therefore another name for this color is dark taupe.
Davy’s gray is a dark gray color, made from powdered slate, iron oxide and carbon black named for Henry Davy. Charcoal is a color that is a representation of the dark gray color of burned wood.