According to the administrative divisions of China, there are three level of cities: municipalities, prefecture-level cities, and county-level cities. Prefecture-level cities nearly always contain multiple counties, county-level cities, and other such sub-divisions. Methods china statistical yearbook 2016 pdf accuracy in the reporting of population and economic activity vary widely, hence these figures should be seen as estimates rather than facts.
For other famines in Chinese history, see List of famines in China. Considered China’s most devastating catastrophe by Frank Dikötter.